He created everything, then determined for it a measure. (25:2)
The Universe, or what the Quran calls the heavens and earth, has not come into being by itself but has been created, out of nothingness, by the All-powerful and the Ever-existing Personality, God (Allah). The very fact of creation, and the supremacy of a perfect, immutable and predictable Law over the universe, and the beauty and rhythm manifest in the creation, nay, appearance of a being like man from a sperm-drop, is a proof positive of the presence of a Creator-God.
Again, the universe is not a purposeless, hotchpotch of a thing where anything, right or wrong, could happen. It is based on Truth i.e. on Law and for a Purpose. Nothing can exceed its set limits without running the risk of being perished. Here, only Truth wins, stays and flourishes. Falsehood vanishes as soon as it meets the Truth.
It is a controlled and a balanced world, where the hand of Almighty God can be vividly seen by an observing eye.
It is not a stationary world. It is progressive. It is guided by Law instinctively, every atom knowing its task, and it is set in motion to evolve in yet better forms, one after the other. In spite of its vast expanse, the whole of universe is a single entity, emerging from a Common Origin.
It has endless potentialities and limitless hidden treasures, though they are released as much as mankind deserves, duly measured and weighed.
Wages for the efforts of mankind are paid through such hidden treasures. It is a Rewarding universe.
It is a perfect universe. One cannot find a single fault in it.
And the Universe shall reach its End one day, and will be rearranged in a new setting, new horizons and new potentialities.
Man can see the Signs of aforesaid facts everywhere in the universe, provided he is unbiased and keeps his mind open.
That is the concept of the Universe given by the Quran, and it is reproduced below.
Universe created by God
God is He Who raised up the heavens without pillars as you can see them, then took the Throne, and subjected the sun and the moon; each one runs for a stated term; He manages the Affair and explains the signs so that you may be sure of meeting with your Lord. And it is He Who spread out the earth and made therein firm mountains and rivers; and of every fruit, He made in it two kinds; He covers the day with the night; in that are surely signs for a people who ponder. And in the earth are tracts neighbouring each other, and gardens of vines, and sown fields, and palms growing in clusters and otherwise, watered with the same one water; yet We excel one over the other in food; in that are surely signs for a people who understand. (13:2-4)
Say, do you disbelieve in Him Who created the earth in two days, and do you make compeers to Him? That is the Lord of the world. And He made there in firm mountains over it, and He blessed it, and He determined therein its sustenance in four days, equal for those who seek. Then He turned towards the heaven and it was smoke, and He said to it and to the earth, come willingly or unwillingly; they said, we come willingly. Then He determined them as seven heavens in two days, and revealed to every heaven its Affair. And We adorned the nearer heaven with lamps and (made it) to guard --- that is the measure of the Mighty, the Knowing. (41:9-12)
It is God Who splits the grain and the date-stone, brings forth the living from the dead and brings forth the dead from the living --- that is God, then how are you perverted? He is the one who breaks the dawn, and He has made the night for rest, and the sun and moon for a reckoning that is the measure of the Mighty, the Knowing. And it is He Who made for you stars, that by them you may find the way in the darkness of land and sea. We have explained the signs for a people who have knowledge. (6:95-97)
Based on Truth
Falsehood Perishes, Profitable Stays
The Holy Quran Society